This thesis is concerned with the position control of electrohydraulic servo system under parameter variation. An adaptive sliding mode control which uses the direct parameter estimation scheme, is proposed to design a robust controller for fast and accurate control of the system. It is shown that the adaptive sliding mode control algorithm is robust and effective in attaining fast and accurate position control of system under time-dependent parameter variation. It is also shown experimentally that chattering phenomena in a sliding mode control can significantly be reduced by using boundary layer technique, and that new approach in sliding mode control introducing a term proportional to the distance between the current state and the sliding surface in the control law is effective to obtain fast response and to increase stability of the system. Computer simulation on the dynamic performance of the control system is also presented.