서지주요정보
Dynamic behavior and fractional analysis of dilute rigid polymer solutions using packed hydrodynamic chromatography = 충전된 수력학적크로마토그래피에 의한 희박한 경직 고분자용액의 동력학적 거동과 분리해석
서명 / 저자 Dynamic behavior and fractional analysis of dilute rigid polymer solutions using packed hydrodynamic chromatography = 충전된 수력학적크로마토그래피에 의한 희박한 경직 고분자용액의 동력학적 거동과 분리해석 / Myung-Suk Chun.
저자명 Chun, Myung-Suk ; 전명석
발행사항 [대전 : 한국과학기술원, 1990].
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소장정보

등록번호

8000923

소장위치/청구기호

학술문화관(문화관) 보존서고

MCE 9024

SMS전송

도서상태

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초록정보

Recently, hydrodynamic chromatography (HDC) has become an important probe for determining the molecular size or molecular shape in the sub-micron range. Porous media flow within packed HDC column has attracted important attention because in which confined geometries have a great influence on dynamics of polymer molecules; e.g., flow-induced conformation of polymer chains. Although considerable work has been devoted to HDC analysis, the clear understanding on the transport behavior of polymer solutions in porous media has not been achieved yet. In this present study, the flow and dynamic behavior of rigid rodlike polymer molecules in a packed HDC column is fully analyzed by extending the molecular theory of dilute polymer solution in a confined geometry in order to elucidate quantitatively the effects of arbitrary particle sizes as well as of flow strength on the dimensionless separation parameter, namely, retention factor ($R_f$). $R_f$ equations of each simple polymer model, i.e. isotropic single Brownian(SB) and rigid dumbbell (RD), were developed, and then numerical simulations were clearly worked out to illustrate the $R_f$ for rigid rod (RR) poymer. Remarkably, theoretical predictions were in close agreement with the present experimental results of RR polymer via xanthan gum, that is water-soluble high molecular weight biopolymer, and other previously published data of SB model particles despite of several approximations. The $R_f$ value showed the gradual increasing behavior as particle size (i.e., ∈ parameter) increased, however, for RR model the $R_f$ decreased with increasing the flow strength within a particular range of about 0 < log β < 3. Additionally, in the outside of this region the significant flow-independent $R_f$ behavior could be observed. This feature emphasized a transition behavior from weak to strong flow due to the flow-induced orientational effect of xanthan molecules. In order to analyze the fractionation of xanthan polymer calibration curves of three kinds of packed columns used for these experiments were illustrated. Indeed, it could be known that conventional size-exclusion chromatography failed when applied to the characterization of high molecular weight polymers ; e.g., as shown in column III with undesirable reationships between $R_f$ and molecular size. From the evaluation of column efficiency on the each column, effects of packing materials as well as of shear rate, i.e. flow rate, on efficient fractionation for the higher molecular weight polymer were signified. Anyway, it should be noted that main scope of this thesis is restricted to the hydrodynamic force alone.

서지기타정보

서지기타정보
청구기호 {MCE 9024
형태사항 vii, 80 p. : 삽도 ; 26 cm
언어 영어
일반주기 Appendix : A, Detailed algorithm of Rf computation program. - B, Associated legendre function for quick reference
저자명의 한글표기 : 전명석
지도교수의 영문표기 : O-Ok Park
지도교수의 한글표기 : 박오옥
학위논문 학위논문(석사) - 한국과학기술원 : 화학공학과,
서지주기 Reference : p. 76-79
주제 Hydrodynamics.
Polymer solutions.
크로마토그래피 검출. --과학기술용어시소러스
수력학. --과학기술용어시소러스
고분자 용액. --과학기술용어시소러스
Chromatographic analysis.
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