The main objective of this study is to compare the technological behavior of local firms with that of joint-ventures in which multinational companies participated. After reviewing the previous case studies and relavant literatures, the model and hypotheses are derived. The model, especially focused on the technological efforts and the restrictions of the use of technology with influencing factors such as the complexity of technology, environmental competitiveness, technological capability of the firm, top management's interests in technology, and the capital portion of multinational companies in the joint-ventures.
Data of this study is gathered through interview and questionnaire. Total sample comprised 16 pairs of matched samples and other 22 unmatched samples. The statistical analyses used in this study are T-test. Mann-Whitney nonparametric test, Kendall's correlation, Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-ranks test, and multiple discriminant analysis.
The important results of this study are as follows.
1. The technological performance of local firms is higher than that of joint-ventures.
2. The restriction of the use of technology of joint-ventures is higher than that of local firms.
3. The technological efforts of local firms are higher than that of joint-ventures.
4. The complexity of technology is very important factor in promoting technological efforts of the firms.