In this paper, the effect of tip clearance on the cooling performance of the microchannel heat sink is presented under the fixed pumping power condition. For the various types of microchannel heat sink having different size of fin width and channel width, experimental study is conducted. Through the experiment, the tip clearance effect is investigated by increasing tip clearance from zero. As a result, it is shown that cooling performance of heat sink with tip clearance is better than that of heat sink without tip clearance. For the microchannel heat sink with tip clearance, the optimum conditions for cooling performance is also studied and these results are compared with the results of the numerical solution.